Water Security Research | Hamad Bin Khalifa University

This research portfolio focuses on enhancing the sustainability of water resources in Qatar and beyond by providing scientific and technological solutions for energy- efficient water desalination, wastewater treatment for safe discharge and reuse, and groundwater mapping for best options of aquifer recharge.

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

  • The water portfolio team supported Qatar’s National Development Strategy (2017-2022) through technical consultancy, drafting water chapters in collaboration with relevant governmental authorities including Kahramaa, Ashghal, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar Petroleum and Qatar Cool.
  • The team developed a 3D geological model based on structural geology, steady state groundwater flow model for the entire country and estimated the natural rainfall recharge and water balance.
  • Data were collected for the quality of Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) and seawater and the data havw been used for developing new materials for treatment and for optimizing novel processes. 
  • Material team developed novel sorbents and membranes with high efficiencies and/or economic feasibilities, including development of advanced nanomaterials based on modified activated carbon, montmorillonite, graphene and MXene.
  • The team has been working on increasing the efficiency of water desalination and improving the feed seawater quality by implementing novel pre-treatment processes. 
  • Process team has also made great progress on utilizing TSE in district cooling, as part of national water sustainability efforts. QEERI designed and commissioned an integrated TSE Pilot Plant which combines conventional and advanced oxidation processes. 
  • Innovative technologies based on micro/nanostructured materials have been developed for fast, efficient and economic separation of emulsified oil/water mixtures. A pilot scale-up has been designed and developed for treating produced water. 
  • The team finished the installation and commissioning of Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration and Ion Exchange pilot units at QEERI. 
  • The team completed the Process Design and Simulation of advanced Multi-Effect Desalination (MED) pilot plant.

 

Water Quality and Monitoring

Water Quality and Monitoring Pillar focuses on the quality of different sources of water at ultra-trace concentrations of potential contaminants and their metabolites and species in Qatar. The pillar introduces basic and advanced understanding of groundwater systems through hydrological studies supported by modelling; and application of sophisticated methods of radar mapping and satellite imagining. 

Water Quality and Monitoring

Water Quality and Monitoring Pillar focuses on the quality of different sources of water at ultra-trace concentrations of potential contaminants and their metabolites and species in Qatar. The pillar introduces basic and advanced understanding of groundwater systems through hydrological studies supported by modelling; and application of sophisticated methods of radar mapping and satellite imagining. 

Process Development and Optimization

Process Development and Optimization Pillar focuses on improving existing water desalination and treatment technologies and developing novel technologies, in order to address the issues highlighted by the monitoring pillar, through using commercial and homemade (by materials pillar) materials.